Old Dilemmas, New Challenges: Monetary Policy and Capital Flows into Emerging Economies

For all the talk today about capital flows into emerging economies, the topic has actually been debated for many years within the IMF. For a decade or more, we have grappled with the idea that very large capital flows into successful emerging market countries were almost inevitable and would prove extremely difficult to manage. And […]

Today’s Bounty, Tomorrow’s Promise: Better Policies to Manage Natural Resources

Countries rich in natural resources are often looked at with envy: they face few financial constraints and that should speed their development path. But the reality is less rosy. Countries with an abundance of natural resources—typically oil, gas or minerals—have, on average, performed less well than comparable non-resource rich countries.

That raises one of the perennial questions in economic policymaking. How to manage the economic and social challenges that stem from resource wealth? Or, to borrow the words of Professor Thorvaldur Gylfason (University of Iceland), how to prevent “nature’s bounty” from “becoming the curse of the common people”?

Broadening the policy dialogue